Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious public health problem and BCG vaccination remains an essential part of TB prevention strategy especially in children. BCG scar is a surrogate marker of vaccination and an important index in the vaccination program.
The varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox (varicella), a common and very contagious childhood viral illness. It also protects against shingles. It is a live attenuated vaccine, which means it contains a weakened form of the virus.
Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio are contained in a single combined vaccine. The vaccine is inactivated and contains dead bacteria or virus only and is highly effective at preventing the infections.
DTP vaccine only needs to be given as a single dose prior to travel to risk areas.
When to get vaccinated: You should get your polio, diphtheria and tetanus booster two weeks before travel.
Boosters: The vaccine protects you for 10 years. You will need a booster to remain protected after 10 years.
Hepatitis A is a viral infection spread through contaminated food and water, which causes inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis A occurs worldwide but is most commonly found in parts of Africa, Asia (see Central, South East and East), Central and South America, and it is most prevalent in areas with poor sanitation.
For most travellers, exposure to Hepatitis A comes from eating contaminated food or water. Contamination can also be passed from person to person via poor hygiene.
Travellers to areas at risk may be recommended the following vaccination course:
- A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
Ideally, travellers need to be vaccinated at least two weeks before travel.
The initial injection will offer short-term protection for a single trip, while a booster will provide long-term cover and should preferably be taken within 6-12 months of the first vaccine.
In addition to the hepatitis A vaccination, there are combined vaccination courses for hepatitis A and typhoid as well as hepatitis A and hepatitis B. If you are unsure as to which vaccine is best for you, at Tower Bridge Wellness pharmacy we will be able to recommend the most suitable treatment for you.
Unlike hepatitis A, the hepatitis B virus is not usually transmitted via contaminated water but rather via bodily fluids, such as blood or semen. It is often passed during sex or when using contaminated needles and medical equipment. It can lead to severe liver problems and is often fatal.
Hepatitis B occurs worldwide. Areas where there is a higher risk of exposure to hepatitis B include Eastern Europe, Russia, India, China, South and Central America, Africa, South East Asia and many islands in the South Pacific.
The vaccine is a course of three injections, which are given rapidly over a one month course or over a standard six month course.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. The Japanese encephalitis virus affects the human brain and can lead to inflammation and swelling in the brain. In very severe cases, the infection can lead to brain damage.
Often most infections with Japanese encephalitis virus do not result in symptoms. However, in some cases, the virus causes severe symptoms and leads to serious complications. Typical encephalitis symptoms include nausea and vomiting, seizures, headaches and confusion.
Japanese Encephalitis occurs in most countries in Asia, the Indian subcontinent and remote parts of northeast Australia.
At Tower Bridge Wellness Pharmacy our pharmacist will be able to help you decide whether you require a Japanese encephalitis vaccination and also advice on additional precautions such as mosquito bite avoidance.
We provide a Japanese encephalitis vaccination which consists of two injections. The second dose needs to be administered 28 days after the first, so you need to allow plenty of time before you travel.
Primary immunisation should be completed at least one week prior to potential exposure to Japanese encephalitis virus.
Once you have received both doses, you are protected against Japanese encephalitis for 12-24 months. After one year, you require a booster.
You need to get the first dose ideally five weeks before you travel in order to be able to complete the course in time. However, in special cases you can get a faster course where the first dose should be at least 2 weeks before you travel.
There are several types of meningitis which can affect travellers, including meningitis A, C, W, and Y. They are all types of meningococcal meningitis and are caused by bacteria.
The MenACWY vaccine is given by a single injection into the upper arm and protects against four different strains of the meningococcal bacteria that cause meningitis and blood poisoning (septicaemia): A, C, W and Y.
Some countries, for example Saudi Arabia, demand that you provide a meningitis ACWY certificate prior to entering the country. The vaccine is compulsory for the Hajj pilgrimage. The certificate becomes valid 10 days after vaccination.
If you are getting vaccinated prior to going to a risk area you should aim to get the jab at least two weeks before you travel.
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral infection that can affect the central nervous system/brain and is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected tick. It can cause a flu-like illness, fever, headache, nausea, muscle pain and general discomfort.
Tick-borne Encephalitis is usually found in Central and Eastern Europe, in countries such as Poland, Romania, Lithuania, some parts of Scandinavia, and throughout Russia.
The risk of acquiring Tick-borne Encephalitis can be reduced by vaccination. Travellers may be recommended a course of 3 doses: 2 doses 1 – 3 months apart, 3rd dose 5 -12 months later as a booster.
For accelerated protection, the second dose can be given 14 days after first.
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Typhoid (typhoid fever) is a serious disease. It is caused by bacteria called Salmonella Typhi.
Typhoid is contracted through contaminated food or water, a bacterial infection that causes acute inflammation of the liver leading to severe illness for 2 – 3 weeks.
There are two vaccines to prevent typhoid. One is an inactivated (killed) vaccine given as an injection. The other is a live, attenuated (weakened) vaccine which is taken orally (by mouth).
The Typhoid injection should be taken as 1 dose 2 weeks before travel, but can be taken immediately before travel.
The oral immunisation requires 3 doses to be taken on alternate days
Typhoid is more common in countries with poor sanitation, book an appointment with us for more advice.
Yellow fever is a serious infection spread by mosquitoes. It's found in parts of Africa, South America, Central America and the Caribbean.
Tower Bridge Wellness Pharmacy is a designated Yellow Fever center, we are able to provide Yellow Fever vaccination and Yellow Fever certificates for immigration purposes. Yellow fever certificates currently last for 10 years and it becomes valid 10 days after you have the vaccine.
Yellow Fever is an acute infection spread by infected mosquitoes. It affects the liver and kidneys. The symptoms range from basic aches, fever and headache to extreme light sensitivity and vomiting but can progress to jaundice, sometimes even hemorrhage and organ failure.
The Yellow Fever Vaccine is suitable for all travelers over the age of nine months old. There are a few exceptions, such as those who are pregnant or breast feeding.
The vaccination for yellow fever consists of one injection, which should be done at least 10 days before you travel.