The human papilloma virus HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. In many cases, infection does not cause any symptoms, but it can cause genital warts, and even lead to genital cancers, including cervical cancer (the second most common form of cancer in young women).
The use of condoms reduces your risk of contracting HPV. However, condoms are not 100% effective at preventing HPV infection as the virus can be present on the skin in the entire genital area.
The HPV vaccine consists of two or three doses, which are given by injection. The number of doses you require depends on your age.
Children under the age of 15 require two doses and if you are 15 or older, you require three doses to be protected.